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Volume III Issue IV 2017

Volume III Issue IV 2017

Year:2017 Volume III Issue IV

Print ISSN :2454-6542,Online ISSN:2454-6542

Received on:21st August 2017, Received in Revised Form:23rd October 2017, Accepted On:28th October 2017

Article DOI : 10.18231/2455-9342.2017.0002

Mrs. Sharmila Chakraborty
Department of Economics, North Orissa University, Baripada, Odisha

Dr. Kabita Kumari Sahu
Assistant Professor, Deptt. of Economics, North Orissa University, Baripada, Mayurbhanj, Odisha

Corresponding Author:


Education, health and housing are the key of development of human resources particularly in the case of scheduled tribe people. Ever since India gained independence a considerable amount of money and resources have been spent so that unprivileged, undeveloped tribal people could get fair deal. Hence education, health and housing are considered the most powerful instrument of social change. Tribal communities generally found close to the nature since the hoary past and they consider forest as their nourishing mother which supply them food, fuel, fodder, shelter, occupation and employment . Primary survey work carried out in 38 villages in Similipal Biosphere Reserve and found that tribal population in the Core Zone is 100%, 92.92% in Buffer Zone and 71.01% in Transitional Zone. Further it is found that 71.30% dwelling houses are made of grass/thatch/bamboo, 23.84% are tile/AC sheet/GI sheet and 4.86% are concrete houses in the SBR. All most all the houses in the Core and Buffer zones do not have sanitation facilities and drainage system except 23% in Transitional zone having such facilities, The literacy rate of the tribal in the Core, Buffer and Transitional zones in the SBR found to be 19.23% male 4.17% female, 30.23% male 13.78% female and 48.40% male 29.39% female respectively which are abnormally lower than Mayurbhanj and Odisha's literacy rate. The paper tries to justified the fact that the aforesaid tribal dominated region suffer backwardness from the main stream in respect of health, education, sustainable livelihood resources, road communication, public transportation facility and other infrastructure development which may adversely affect the main objectives of Similipal Biosphere Reserve in near future.


Education, Health, Housing,Similipal-Biosphere Reserve, Tribe